Planting Strawberries in Texas: A Comprehensive Guide

Strawberries are a popular fruit that can be grown in home gardens. In Texas, with its diverse climate zones, knowing when to plant strawberries can be a bit tricky. This guide will provide you with all the necessary information to successfully grow strawberries in the Lone Star State.

Understanding Texas Climate

Texas is a vast state with a diverse climate. It’s divided into five primary climate zones: Gulf Coastal Plains, Interior Lowlands, Great Plains, Basin and Range Province, and the US Coastal Plains. Each of these zones has a unique climate that affects the planting and growing of strawberries.

The Gulf Coastal Plains, for instance, is known for its humid, subtropical climate. The Interior Lowlands and the Great Plains have a more continental climate, while the Basin and Range Province is desert-like. The US Coastal Plains, on the other hand, experiences a mix of subtropical and continental climates.

Climate Impact on Strawberry Growth

Strawberries prefer a cool, mild climate. They need about six hours of sunlight each day and well-drained soil. In Texas, the climate can vary greatly, so it’s essential to understand how these conditions can impact strawberry growth.

For instance, in the Gulf Coastal Plains, the high humidity can lead to fungal diseases. On the other hand, in the Basin and Range Province, the dry, desert-like conditions can lead to water stress. Understanding these factors can help you determine the best time to plant strawberries in Texas.

When to Plant Strawberries in Texas

Generally, the best time to plant strawberries in Texas is in the fall or early winter. This allows the plants to establish their roots before the warm spring weather encourages them to bloom. However, the exact timing can vary depending on the specific climate zone.

In the Gulf Coastal Plains and US Coastal Plains, where winters are milder, strawberries can be planted as early as October. In the Interior Lowlands and the Great Plains, where winters can be harsher, it’s best to wait until November or even early December. In the Basin and Range Province, due to the dry conditions, strawberries can be planted in late fall or early winter, but they will require more frequent watering.

Choosing the Right Strawberry Variety

There are three main types of strawberries: June-bearing, everbearing, and day-neutral. June-bearing strawberries produce a large crop in late spring or early summer. Everbearing strawberries produce two to three harvests per year, while day-neutral strawberries can produce fruit throughout the growing season.

In Texas, day-neutral and everbearing varieties are often the best choices. These varieties can take advantage of the long growing season and produce multiple harvests. Some recommended varieties for Texas include ‘Seascape’, ‘Albion’, and ‘Chandler’.

How to Plant Strawberries in Texas

  1. Choose a location with full sun and well-drained soil.
  2. Prepare the soil by removing weeds and adding compost or a slow-release fertilizer.
  3. Plant the strawberries so that the crown (the part of the plant where the stem meets the roots) is level with the soil surface.
  4. Water the plants thoroughly after planting.
  5. Mulch around the plants to conserve moisture and suppress weeds.

Remember, strawberries are a perennial plant, so with proper care, they can produce fruit for several years. Regular watering, fertilization, and pest control are essential for a successful strawberry harvest.


Planting strawberries in Texas can be a rewarding endeavor. With the right timing, variety selection, and care, you can enjoy fresh, homegrown strawberries for years to come. So why wait? Get your gardening gloves on and start planting!

For more information on growing strawberries in Texas, consider reaching out to your local county extension office or the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. They can provide additional resources and personalized advice based on your specific location and conditions.

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